opioid / 或打喷嚏 / drug addiction
血浆置换术– 是去除, 治疗, 血浆或其成分从血液循环返回或交换. 因此，这是一种体外疗法 (在体外进行的医疗程序).
自体的, 去除血浆, 以某种方式对待它, and returning it to the same person, as a therapy.
Exchange, removing blood plasma and exchanging it with blood products to be donated to the recipient. This type is called plasma exchange (PE, PLEX, or PEX) or plasma exchange therapy (PET). The removed plasma is discarded and the patient receives replacement donor plasma, albumin, or a combination of albumin and saline (usually 70% albumin and 30% saline).
Donation, 去除血浆, separating its components, and returning some of them to the same person while holding out others to become blood products donated by the donor. In such a plasma donation procedure, blood is removed from the body, blood cells and plasma are separated, and the blood cells are returned while the plasma is collected and frozen to preserve it for eventual use as fresh frozen plasma or as an ingredient in the manufacture of a variety of medications.
Plasmapheresis of the autologuous and exchange types is used to treat a variety of disorders, including those of the immune system, such as Goodpasture’s syndrome, Guillain–Barré syndrome, 狼疮, 重症肌无力,and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.
A plasma exchange can help to alleviate symptoms of the conditions above by removing harmful substances from the blood.
If a person has an autoimmune condition, a plasma exchange may also prevent the body from producing more harmful antibodies.
The procedure is usually one element of a treatment plan, which may include chemotherapy. Repeated plasma exchanges may be necessary.